Industrial design is a strategic problem-solving process that drives innovation, builds business success, and leads to a better quality of life through innovative products, systems, services, and experiences. Industrial designers put people at the center of the process, gain a deep understanding of user needs by thinking differently, and design products, systems, services, and experiences using knowledge from different professional disciplines and a pragmatic, user-centered problem-solving process. Industrial design is a panoramic perspective to complement the professional deficiencies of product managers and engineers and the lack of management at the strategic level to make products, systems, services and experiences better.
From the perspective of product complexity, roughly classified, there are relatively simple arts and crafts (cultural and creative), daily necessities, FMCG products, etc., there are more complex electronic information categories (intelligent terminals, health care, smart wear, etc.), small home appliances, etc., there are very complex home appliances, communication tools, various types of equipment, transportation category, etc.. Relatively speaking, the first two categories often require industrial design to provide brand strategy, marketing planning, product planning, modeling design, engineering design, APP design, UI/UX design, proofing, testing and certification, packaging design, supply chain integration, service design, and even marketing and sales of various design support, manufacturers most hope that one-stop service. The third category is often stronger manufacturers, even without industrial design can also sell products, industrial design often starts from market research to the end of engineering data model or proofing, other types of services are optional services; of course, the whole process system design support, can create greater benefits. (For example, see: strategy, brand, design trinity: LiuGong story) For services, except for the absence of tangible products, other aspects of the need for design is no less.
A new, futuristic electric bus released by the UK-based Arrival
The industrial design capability of a country is not determined by how literary a package of instant noodles is or how clever a wine thermometer is, but by the level of design of common, commonly used, high-value products such as home appliances, communication tools, equipment, transportation, and urban furniture. These products can take advantage of the latest materials, processes, and new technologies, as well as give rise to new materials, processes, and technologies in ahead-of-the-curve design. (for example, see: Apple's industrial design holds up the empire）
Concept Fire Truck Design by Vladislav Kulikov
The "Way" of industrial design is to study the geography, history, culture and other factors of the client's market in depth, to distill the essence, to form a unique aesthetic and design philosophy, and to put it into one's own work. Such a master is Masayuki Kurokawa. The "method" of industrial design is the usual logic of the design industry, such as design psychology, color science, material science, processing technology, project management, etc., to arrange the corresponding design process and delivery standards. The "art" of industrial design is the choice of tools in different design stages, such as research tools, design software, rendering methods, surface treatment, etc.
Masayuki Kurokawa Japanese Iron 'NIRVANA' (Nirvana) Boiling Teapot
Industrial design involves collaboration with different stakeholders, the important ones being the client, the user and the partners. The client is the one who pays, and its boss is ultimately the one who claps to confirm the design; different functions of the client such as project, engineering and design will be involved in the project. When industrial design is dominant it needs to be fully considered at every step of decision making in terms of structure, material, process and processing capability, etc. It needs to draw on SE's expertise and also needs to make comprehensive consideration of cost, etc.; while when engineering is dominant, industrial design is mainly used as artwork and will be less useful but has to make a difference. The user is the one who ultimately buys and/or uses, and the creativity of industrial design and the compromise in multiple rounds of customer decisions influence whether the user buys or not. Every design organization and designer has aspects that they are good and not good at. With such a long line of industrial design, it is inevitable to supplement or replace it with the power of partners, such as UI design can be designed, but coding has to be done with software engineers; and the standard of a partner circle can affect the quality of a project delivery and the future of a design organization.
In China in full swing towards "Made in China 2025", which the national will, foreign interference and economic ups and downs affect each other, but the transformation of Chinese manufacturing from quantity to quality has been irreversible, it is a great time for industrial design!